Distribution, Logistics & Transportation

New Mexico is strategically located in the middle of the Southwest and the nation’s fastest growing states. An excellent highway and rail infrastructure provides direct access to the east and west coasts, Texas, the midwest, and the international borders of Canada and Mexico.

From New Mexico goods can be delivered to Texas, Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, and Utah within one day, and California markets in two days. The volume of truck traffic into the state translates into low backhaul rates for goods leaving the state.

Rail Service

Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) and Union Pacific railroads both provide direct service to the Ports of Long Beach and Houston, as well as ports of entry at the Mexican and Canadian borders.

Union Pacific (UP)

Union Pacific serves 25,000 customers in 23 states across the western two-thirds of the U.S. -- a total of 31,900 route miles. The railroad has a $400 million, 2,200 acre intermodal facility near the Santa Teresa International Port of Entry to Mexico on the Sunset Route. The new facility is located just west of the Santa Teresa Airport and includes fueling facilities, crew change buildings, locomotive inspection tracks, an intermodal ramp, a switching yard, and 200 miles of track. UP Intermodal Map

Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway (BNSF)

BNSF serves 28 states and 2 Canadian provinces -- a total of 32,500 route miles. It operates a multimodal rail yard in Belen, 30 miles south of Albuquerque. The railway is investing $68 million on a double-track project in New Mexico. BNSF is also investing approximately $1.1 billion on locomotive, freight car, and other equipment acquisitions, many of which will serve New Mexico. BNSF Map

Rail Runner Express

The State of New Mexico owns and operates the Rail Runner Express, a commuter railroad that provides service from Belen to Santa Fe via 14 stations, including Albuquerque International Sunport.

International Ports of Entry

New Mexico has three ports of entry bordering Mexico, all operated by the State through its Border Authority:

  • Santa Teresa
  • Columbus
  • Antelope Wells
Services Santa Teresa Columbus Antelope Wells
Pedestrian Traffic X X X
Mexican Immigration Services X X  
U. S. Immigration Services X X X
Permanent Vehicle Exports X    
Temporary Vehicle Export Permits X X  
Non-Commercial Traffic X X X
Commercial Traffic X X  
Livestock X X  
Customs Brokers X X  
Open 24 hours   X  

Air Service

More than 60 airports are located throughout New Mexico.  The Department of Transportation Aviation Bureau provides an interactive map with information on the services provided at every New Mexico airport. Two international airports serve the northern and southern regions of the state:

Four regional airports offer commercial air service:

The Santa Fe Municipal Airport is served by both American and United Airlines.  American provides nonstop service to Dallas-Fort Worth and Phoenix.  United provides daily nonstop service to Denver.

Boutique Air offers direct service from Clovis to Dallas-Fort Worth, Carlsbad to Albuquerque or Dallas, and Silver City to Albuquerque or Phoenix.

Lea County Regional Airport, in Hobbs, is served by United with daily flights to Houston.

Four Corners Regional Airport in Farmington is served by Great Lakes Airlines, a code share partner for United Airlines.  Service is available to Phoenix and Denver.

Cost Comparisons

New Mexico offers a very low cost of doing business. The state has the lowest property tax in the nation (Source: Tax Foundation) and no inventory tax. Real estate, particularly in non-urban areas, is very competitively priced. Abundant natural resources mean the state is a net exporter of electricity.


New Mexico’s Job Training Incentive Program (JTIP) is one of the most aggressive in the nation. The Program has a 40 year history of assisting businesses with customized workforce training and has trained more than 50,000 participants. JTIP funds classroom training and on-the-job training for newly-created jobs in expanding or relocating businesses for up to 6 months, and reimburses 50%-75% of trainee wages. Custom training at a New Mexico public educational institution may also be covered.

Rural Jobs Tax Credit

Employers receive a credit of $1,000 for each qualifying job the employer creates, for 4 consecutive years in communities of less than 15,000 residents, and 2 consecutive years in non-MSA communities of more than 15,000 residents.

High Wage Jobs Tax Credit

A taxpayer who is an eligible employer may apply for and receive a tax credit for each new high-wage economic-base job. The credit amount equals 10% of the wages and benefits paid for each new economic base job created.

Qualified jobs:

  • Pays at least $40,000/year in a community with a population of less than 40,000, for jobs created after July 1, 2015
  • Pays at least $60,000/year in a community with a population of 40,000 or more, for jobs created on or after July 1, 2015
  • Occupied for at least 48 weeks by the employee

Local Economic Development Act (LEDA)

LEDA and New Mexico’s economic development capital outlay program may provide funds for qualified projects that create new jobs and investment in the state.