Census Data

Data on population, social, economic and housing are collected and tabulated by the US Census Bureau for the decennial census and American Community Survey (ACS). The ACS is an ongoing statistical household survey sent to approximately 3 million households every year which replaces the traditional long form that was used in previous decennial censuses. From the survey, the Bureau is able to produce estimates which are released annually.

The Population Estimates Program of the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that between 2010 and 2017, New Mexico’s population increased by about 1.1%. Over this seven-year period, many of the state’s counties grew while some saw a decrease in population. For instance, Colfax County saw a decline in population over this period (11.3%) while Lea County saw a growth in population (6.4%). The state still continues to attract people from the around the world as indicated by the positive net international migration.

In 2017, median age in the state was estimated to be about 37.8 years, younger than the national average of 38.0 years. The prime workforce age group of 25 to 44 years old made up about 25.2% of the total population. About 16.8% of New Mexico’s population is aged 65 and over, very close to the national average of 15.6%. The growth of New Mexico’s young population promises a larger labor force in the near future. About 23.3% of New Mexico’s population is made up of persons under 18 years compared to the national average of 22.6%.

The Census Bureau provides Demographic Profiles from the 2010 Census. The Demographic Profile for the state is provided below.

New Mexico 2010 Demographic Profile (Census Bureau Document)

The Census Bureau also provides “QuickFacts” for states, counties, and cities and towns with more than 5,000 people. From this page you may access data for available geographies within the state by using the search box at the top of the page.

Menus of Census Bureau data provide access to data from all Census products. Follow the links below:

New Mexico Census Data Menu
County Census Data Menus

The following are compilations of data for the State, Counties and Places for population and housing:

American Community Survey (ACS), 5 Year Estimates for New Mexico & Counties (2013-2017)

Commuting Characteristics by Sex
Selected Social Characteristics
Selected Economic Characteristics
Selected Housing Characteristics
ACS Demographic and Housing Characteristics
Earnings in the Past 12 Months for Households
Educational Attainment
Total Fields of Bachelor's Degrees Reported
Geographical Mobility in the Past Year by Educational Attainment for Current Residence in New Mexico
Food Stamps/SNAP
People Who Lived in Another State 1 Year Ago
Language Spoken at Home
Travel Time to Work
County-to-County Migration Flows 2015 ACS
Percent of Workers 16 Years and Over Who Worked Outside County of Residence, 2013-2017
Wage or Salary Income in the Past 12 Months for Households, 2013-2017

State-to-State Migration Flows, 2017

State-to-State Migration Flows, 2016

State-to-State Migration Flows, 2015
State-to-State Migration Flows, 2014
State-to-State Migration Flows, 2013
State-to-State Migration Flows, 2012
County-to-County Migration Flows 2011-2015 - Current Residence Sort

Comparison Profiles for New Mexico & Counties, 5-Year Estimates, 2013-2017

Comparative Social Characteristics, CP02
Comparative Economic Characteristics, CP03
Comparative Housing Characteristics, CP04
Comparative Demographic Estimates, CP05

2010 Census Data for New Mexico & Counties

Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics, DP-1
Total population by Race & Hispanic or Latino Origin for Counties, 2000-2010
Total population by Race & Hispanic of Latino Origin for Incorporated Places, 2000-2010
Average Household Size of Occupied Housing Units by Tenure, H12
Families, P35
Hispanic or Latino Origin, P4
Occupancy Status, H1
Urban and Rural, P2

2000 Census Data for New Mexico & Counties

Profile of General Demographic Characteristics, DP-1
Race, Hispanic or Latino, and Age, QT-PL
Urban and Rural, P002

Population Estimates for New Mexico & Counties

Annual Estimates of Housing Units for New Mexico and Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016
Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016
Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Selected Age Groups by Sex for New Mexico, and Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017
Cumulative Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings:  April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017
Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for New Mexico, and Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017
Population Projections and Growth Rates, 2010-2040

Historical Census Data for New Mexico, Counties & Cities

New Mexico City Population, 1910-2010
Total Population by Sex, and Age for New Mexico and Counties: 1900-2010
Total Population for New Mexico and Counties: 1900 to 2010

Other U.S. Census Bureau products include; County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Local Employmer-Household Dynamics

Maps from the Census Bureau

NM Counties 2010 Total Population
NM Counties Population Change 2000-2010

The New Mexico Economic Development Department makes every effort to provide current and accurate information and data. The data provided on this site is compiled from a number of different sources, however, and we therefore cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information presented. Please inform us of any errors.